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World Languages and Cultures

http://www.whitworth.edu/worldlanguagescultures

Modern LanguagesWe, as a dedicated team of international faculty, strive to educate students in cultural differences and sensitivity. We seek to provide students with the language skills, cross-cultural experiences, and literary and cultural understanding to allow them to navigate effectively within other cultures. Through this process, students are empowered to understand linguistic and cultural differences within their own society. Because we know our students well, we are able to guide them as they discern career opportunities and vocational calling. As a result of this range of learning experiences, our graduates are ready to become citizens of the world.

The learning outcomes of this major ensure that the student
will obtain the following:

  • Language skills that allow students to communicate
    on a wide range of topics in the target language
  • Knowledge of a range of representative literatures
  • Recognition of cultural differences and understanding of differences within each student's own culture
  • Experience living and studying in another culture
  • Discernment of career and vocation

General Requirements for a Major in French or Spanish:

  • Students majoring in French or Spanish are required to study abroad for a semester in a French- or Spanish-speaking country to gain further proficiency in the language and a keen understanding and appreciation of French/Hispanic culture. Only courses taken in the target language will count toward the student's French or Spanish major. The France Study Program, offered every third year, provides courses in French, communication and art. The Central America Program, offered every third year, provides courses in upper-level Spanish language, politics and culture topics, and has a service-learning emphasis. There are also many Spanish and French programs in overseas locations such as Chile, Guatemala, Mexico, Spain, Quebec and Guadeloupe (French West Indies).
  • All French majors must schedule and take the ACTFL OPI (Oral Proficiency Interview) during their junior or senior year (senior year is preferred).  All Spanish majors must schedule and take either the DELE exam, offered on campus during the fall semester, or the ACTFL OPI during their junior or senior year (senior year is preferred).  Spanish majors hoping to work abroad should take the DELE; education majors should take the OPI (also required for an endorsement in the language; education students must take the exam only once for both majors). Each student should consult with his/her advisor during the junior year to determine the appropriate exam for the student.
  • A grade of C or better is required for all courses in the major or minor.

Requirements for a Major in French, B.A. (17)

Note: If a student enters the French program at the 300 level, the student must take the College Level Examination Program (CLEP) test to receive credit for FR 201 - FR 202. The CLEP test must be taken within six months from the time a major is declared.
FR 201Intermediate French I4
FR 202Intermediate French II4
FR 301French Language Practice3
FR 302WFrench Writing and Stylistics3
One of the following:3
Advanced Oral French
Advanced Oral French in Guadeloupe
Advanced Oral French in Quebec

Complete one of the following tracks:18-21

Track I: French and Francophone Studies (18)

Six additional upper-division French courses18

Track II: French Education (21)

Meets Washington state endorsement requirements for French. Students wishing to pursue this track must see an advisor in the School of Education.
Five additional upper-division French courses*15
The following two courses are also required:
EDU 361Second-Language Acquisition3
WL 442Methods for Teaching Languages, K-123

*

These five upper-division courses must include a minimum of one literature course and one course on culture and civilization.


Requirements for a Major in Spanish, B.A. (17)

Note: If a student enters the Spanish program at the 300 level, the student must take the CLEP test to receive credit for SN 201 - SN 202. The CLEP test must be taken within six months from the time a major is declared.
SN 201Intermediate Spanish I4
SN 202Intermediate Spanish II4
SN 301Advanced Spanish Grammar Through Literature3
SN 302Adv Spanish Grammar and Composition Through Literature3
One of the following:3
Advanced Oral Spanish
Advanced Oral Spanish in Mexico
Advanced Oral Spanish in Guatemala
Advanced Oral Spanish in Spain
Advanced Oral Spanish in Chile

Complete one of the following tracks:18-21

Track I: Language and Literature (18)

Six additional upper-division Spanish courses *18

*

These six upper-division courses must include a minimum of two literature courses and one course on culture and civilization.


Track II: Spanish Education (21)

Meets Washington state endorsement requirements for teaching Spanish. Students wishing to pursue this track must see an advisor in the School of Education.
Five additional upper-division Spanish courses *15
The following two courses are also required:
EDU 361Second-Language Acquisition3
WL 442Methods for Teaching Languages, K-123

*

These five upper-division courses must include a minimum of one literature course and one course on culture and civilization.

Requirements for a Minor in French or Spanish (20)

Note: If a student enters the program at the-300 level, the student must take the CLEP test to receive credit for FR/SN-201-FR/SN-202. The CLEP test must be taken within six months from the time a minor is declared.
Six courses beyond the elementary level* 20

*

These six courses must include a minimum of one-400-level course.


Requirements for a Minor in Chinese (19)

Six courses, or a minimum of 19 credits, beyond the elementary or 100-level. Up to 12 upper-division credits may be earned from another accredited institution or through study abroad (ISEP or other approved exchange).

 

Requirements for a Minor in German (20)

Note: If a student enters the program at the-300 level, the student must take the CLEP test to receive credit for GR 201- GR 202. The CLEP test must be taken within six months from the time a minor is declared.
Six courses or 20 credits beyond the elementary or 100-level. Students must complete a minimum of three credits abroad through ISEP or other approved exchange.

Requirements for a French Minor with a Teaching Endorsement in French (32)

Meets Washington state endorsement requirements for teaching French.
All endorsements subject to change; see School of Education for updated requirements.
Note: If a student enters the French program at the-300 level, the student must take the CLEP test to receive credit for FR-201-FR-202. CLEP test must be taken within six months from the time a minor is declared.
FR 201Intermediate French I4
FR 202Intermediate French II4
FR 301French Language Practice3
FR 302WFrench Writing and Stylistics3
One of the following:3
Advanced Oral French
Advanced Oral French in Guadeloupe
Advanced Oral French in Quebec
Three upper-division courses*9
EDU 361Second-Language Acquisition3
WL 442Methods for Teaching Languages, K-123

 

*

These three upper-division courses must include a minimum of one literature course and one course on culture and civilization.

 

Requirements for a Minor in Spanish with a Teaching Endorsement in Spanish (32)

Meets Washington state endorsement requirements for teaching Spanish.
All endorsements subject to change; see School of Education for updated requirements.
Note: If a student enters the program at the-300 level, s/he must take the CLEP test to receive credit for SN-201-SN-202. The CLEP test must be taken within six months from the time a minor is declared.
SN 201Intermediate Spanish I4
SN 202Intermediate Spanish II4
SN 301Advanced Spanish Grammar Through Literature3
SN 302Adv Spanish Grammar and Composition Through Literature3
One of the following:3
Advanced Oral Spanish
Advanced Oral Spanish in Mexico
Advanced Oral Spanish in Guatemala
Advanced Oral Spanish in Spain
Advanced Oral Spanish in Chile
Three upper-division courses *9
EDU 361Second-Language Acquisition3
WL 442Methods for Teaching Languages, K-123

*

These three upper-division courses must include a minimum of one literature course and one course on culture and civilization.

Chinese Courses

CN 101 Elementary Chinese I4
Fundamentals of standard Chinese, emphasizing all four language skills: speaking, listening, reading and writing. Systematic methods and various communication activities for basic training in pronunciation, grammatical structures, conversation on daily topics, and the writing system. Ten hours of conversational language time with students in small groups (held outside of class time) required. Fall semester.
CN 102 Elementary Chinese II4
Continuation of Chinese 101. Ten hours of conversational language time with students in small groups (held outside of class time) required. Prerequisite: CN 101. Spring semester.
CN 141 Elementary Chinese I Study Abroad in China4
See CN 341. Periodic offering.
CN 142 Elementary Chinese II Study Abroad in China4
See CN 342. Prerequisite: CN 141. Periodic offering.
CN 191 Independent Study1-4
CN 192 Foreign Study/Exchange1-17
CN 196 Topics: Chinese1-4
CN 201 Intermediate Chinese I4
Second-year course in modern Chinese to develop proficiency in all four language skills: speaking, listening, reading and writing. In addition to the basic conversational topics, students will be taught to use the dictionary, will be exposed to both traditional and simplified characters, and will read and write longer discourses ranging from personal letters to short narratives. Students will also learn to use Chinese word processing. Ten hours of conversational language time with students in small groups (held outside of class time) required. Prerequisite: CN 102 or placement by exam. Availability of this course is contingent upon adequate enrollment. Fall semester.
CN 202 Intermediate Chinese II4
Continuation of Chinese 201. Ten hours of conversational language time with students in small groups (held outside of class time) required. Prerequisite: CN 201. Spring semester.
CN 230 Intermediate Oral Chinese3
Students immerse themselves in the language in a non-structured situation. Class offered in an informal setting: small groups, games, movies, songs, cooking, skits, dancing. A fun, intensive class (three hours per day). Prerequisite: CN 101. Jan Term, even years.
CN 241 Intermediate Chinese I Study Abroad in China4
See CN 341. Prerequisite: CN 102. Periodic offering.
CN 242 Intermediate Chinese II Study Abroad in China4
See CN 342. Prerequisite: CN 241. Periodic offering.
CN 280 Field Studies1-4
CN 290 Internship1-4
CN 291 Independent Study1-4
CN 301 Advanced Chinese3
This advanced course is designed to assist students attain mastery of all of the basic linguistic skills of Mandarin Chinese speaking, listening, reading, and writing as well as introduce students to the cultural context in which Chinese is spoken and read. Prerequisite: CN 202. Periodic offering.
CN 302 Advanced Chinese3
This advanced course is designed to assist students attain mastery of all of the basic linguistic skills of Mandarin Chinese speaking, listening, reading, and writing as well as introduce students to the cultural context in which Chinese is spoken and read. Prerequisite: CN 301. Periodic offering.
CN 330 Advanced Oral Chinese3
No English allowed. Intensive conversation, a non-structured situation. Class offered in an informal setting: conversation, meals, games, movies, songs, cooking, and skits. A fun, intensive class (three hours minimum per day) that allows students to practice their oral fluency in Chinese. Prerequisite: CN 241 or CN 301. Jan Term. Periodic.
CN 341 Advanced Chinese I Study Abroad in China4
This advanced course is designed to assist students attain mastery of all of the basic linguistic skills of Mandarin Chinese: speaking, listening, reading, and writing, as well as introduce students to the cultural context in which Chinese is spoken and read. Prerequisite: CN 202. Periodic offering.
CN 342 Advanced Chinese II Study Abroad in China4
This advanced course is designed to assist students attain mastery of all of the basic linguistic skills of Mandarin Chinese: speaking, listening, reading, and writing, as well as introduce students to the cultural context in which Chinese is spoken and read. Prerequisite: CN 341. Periodic offering.
CN 380 Field Studies1-4
CN 386 Readings1-4
CN 390 Internship1-4
CN 391 Independent Study1-4
CN 392 Foreign Study/Exchange1-17
CN 395 Teaching Assistantship1-4
CN 396 Topics: Chinese1-3
CN 495 Teaching Assistantship1-4

French Courses

FR 101 Elementary French I4
Beginning French with emphasis on conversation. Basic grammar and vocabulary are presented. The text concentrates on contemporary Francophone culture, such as the life of students in France or cultural conflicts in Algeria. Fall semester.
FR 102 Elementary French II4
Continuation of French 101 with greater concentration on listening, speaking, reading and writing. Class taught mainly in French. Prerequisite: FR 101. Spring semester.
FR 111 Intensive Elementary French4
A course designed for students who have had experience with the language. Basic structure and sound system taught. Students cover one year of the language in one semester. Satisfies the one-year language requirement. Placement by exam.
FR 130 Elementary French3
No English allowed. Students immerse themselves in the language in a non-structured situation. Class offered in an informal setting: small groups, games, movies, songs, cooking, skits, shopping, meals and conversation. A fun, intensive class (3 hours minimum per day), that allows students to know they can speak French. Required of beginning language students going on the France Study Program. FR 130 may be used to fulfill the foreign language requirement if taken before the program. Prerequisite: FR 101. Jan Term.
FR 131 Elementary Oral French in Guadeloupe3
See FR 331. Prerequisite: FR 101. Jan Term, every third year.
FR 132 Elementary Oral French in Quebec3
See FR 332. Prerequisite: FR 101. May Term, every third year.
FR 191 Independent Study1-4
FR 192 Foreign Study/Exchange1-17
FR 196 Topics: French1-4
FR 201 Intermediate French I4
Increased proficiency in oral and written expression through a detailed review and expansion of grammar study and vocabulary. Improve reading comprehension skills and gain cultural and literary knowledge through authentic texts representing modern French and Francophone literature. Includes current topics in French such as examples from magazines, movies, television, and popular music. Class taught in French. Concurrent enrollment in FR 201L required. Prerequisite: FR 102, FR 111, or placement by exam. Fall semester.
FR 201L Language Lab for FR 2010
Ten hours of conversational language time with students in small groups.
FR 202 Intermediate French II4
Continuation of French 201 to develop fluency in the language. Class taught in French. Concurrent enrollment in FR 202L required. Prerequisite: FR 201. Spring semester.
FR 202L Language Lab for FR 2020
Ten hours of conversational language time with students in small groups.
FR 230 Intermediate Oral French3
No English allowed. Students immerse themselves in the language in a non-structured situation. Class offered in an informal setting: small groups, games, movies, songs, cooking, skits, shopping, meals, and conversation. A fun, intensive class (three hours minimum per day), that allows students to know they can speak French. Required of beginning language students going on the French Study Program. Prerequisite: FR 201. Jan Term.
FR 231 Intermediate Oral French in Guadeloupe3
See FR 331. Prerequisite: FR 201. Jan Term, every third year.
FR 232 Intermediate Oral French in Quebec3
See FR 332. Prerequisite: FR 201. May Term, every third year.
FR 241 Intermediate French Language and Culture I in France4
Intensive language study combined with visits and home stay with local residents to learn the history, culture, and politics of the region and country. Prerequisite: FR 101 and FR 130 or higher-level French and HU 302. Spring semester, every third year. Part of the France study abroad program.
FR 242 Intermediate French Language and Culture II in France4
Continuation of FR 241. Prerequisite: FR 241. Spring semester, every third year. Part of the France study abroad program.
FR 290 Internship1-4
FR 291 Independent Study1-4
FR 301 French Language Practice3
Emphasis on spoken conversation including brief presentations on subjects inspired by investigations of literature, history, film and the arts, commercials, web-based activities and contemporary news. Written assignments include grammar reviews. Concurrent enrollment in FR 301L required. Prerequisite: FR 202 or placement by exam. Fall semester.
FR 301L Language Lab for FR 3010
Ten hours of conversational language time with students in small groups.
FR 302W French Writing and Stylistics3
Emphasis on reading comprehension and writing in French. Focus on a variety of writing styles and themes, from expository writing to textual analysis. Topics can be taken from media, film, literary and non-literary texts, and popular culture. This course introduces writing concepts and analysis essential to the next sequence of courses and develops reading comprehension. Concurrent enrollment in FR 302L required. Prerequisite: FR 202. Spring semester.
FR 302L Language Lab for FR 302W0
Ten hours of conversational language time with students in small groups.
FR 324 Literature and Culture of France4
FR 330 Advanced Oral French3
No English allowed. Intensive conversation, a non-structured situation. Readings on events of the 20th and 21st centuries in France, leading to discussions. Class offered in an informal setting: conversation, meals, games, movies, songs, cooking, and skits. A fun, intensive class (three hours minimum per day) that allows students to know that they do speak French. Prerequisite: FR 301. Jan Term, except every third year.
FR 331 Advanced Oral French in Guadeloupe3
Intense French conversation on a French island in the Caribbean. History, culture, and language studies, home stays, and many opportunities to practice French with native speakers. Group excursions to a volcano, mangroves, a coral reef, and neighboring islands. Prerequisite: FR 301. Jan Term, every third year.
FR 332 Advanced Oral French in Quebec3
Intense French conversation in Quebec City. History, culture, and language studies in an immersion environment, including home stays and many opportunities to practice French with native speakers. Excursions to explore the only North American fortified city north of Mexico; visit museums and restaurants and experience French culture outside of the Hexagon! Prerequisite: FR 301. May Term, every third year.
FR 341 Advanced French Language and Culture I In France4
Intensive language study combined with visits and home stay with local residents to learn the history, culture, and politics of the region and of the country. Prerequisite: FR 202 or higher-level French. Spring semester, every third year. Part of the France study abroad program.
FR 342 Advanced French Language and Culture II In France4
Continuation of FR 341. Prerequisite: FR 341. Spring semester, every third year. Part of the France study abroad program.
FR 380 Field Studies1-4
FR 386 Readings1-4
FR 390 Internship1-4
FR 391 Independent Study1-4
FR 392 Foreign Study/Exchange1-17
FR 395 Teaching Assistantship1-4
FR 396 Topics: French1-4
FR 409 Survey of French Literature I3
French Literature from its earliest examples through the 17th century. Students will examine literature and other cultural productions as they reflect on historical realities. Taught in French. Prerequisites: FR 301 or concurrent enrollment in FR 302W with departmental approval. Periodic offering.
FR 410 Survey of French Literature II3
French literature from the Enlightenment through the contemporary period. Students will examine literature and other cultural productions as they reflect on historical realities. Taught in French. Prerequisite: FR 301 or concurrent enrollment in FR 302W with departmental approval. Periodic offering.
FR 415 Business French3
Focus on French and Francophone business practices and language. Cultural dynamics, differences, and assumptions in the workplace, business ethics, history of Francophone multinational corporations. May include field experience. Taught in French. Periodic offering.
FR 416 French for Overseas Missions3
Study the language particular to mission work. Preaching, Bible study, hymns, church vocabulary, varying religious traditions in different Francophone regions. Taught in French. Periodic offering.
FR 420W French Culture & Civilization3
A survey of political, economic, religious, literary, artistic and pop-cultural life in France. Taught in French. Prerequisite: FR 301 or concurrent enrollment in FR 302W with departmental approval. Periodic offering.
FR 421 Literary Genres3
French literature through various genres; plays, poetry, short stories and novels. Taught in French. Prerequisite: FR 301 or concurrent enrollment in FR 302W with departmental approval. Periodic offering.
FR 421W Literary Genres3
French literature through various genres: plays, poetry, short stories, novels. Taught in French. Periodic offering. Prerequisite: FR 302W.
FR 424 Translation and Applied Linguistics3
Pronunciation, intonation, rhythm of French language. Translation of various types of texts: literature, correspondence, essays, semi- technical. May also include translation theory and practice. Taught in French. Periodic offering. Prerequisite: FR 302W.
FR 429 French Cinema3
History and important figures in the development of French cinema. Involves some film viewings outside of class and excerpts in class. Taught in French. Prerequisite: FR 301 or concurrent enrollment in FR 302W with departmental approval. Periodic offering.
FR 431 Advanced Oral French in Guadeloupe3
See FR 331. Prerequisite: FR 302W. Jan Term, every third year.
FR 432 Advanced Oral French in Quebec3
See FR 332. Prerequisite: FR 302W. May Term, every third year.
FR 434 Women Writers3
A study of texts in French by women writers. Introduction to French feminist theory. Taught in French. Prerequisite: FR 301 or concurrent enrollment in FR 302W with departmental approval. Periodic offering.
FR 435 African Literature and Culture3
Study of literature from Francophone African countries. Taught in French. Prerequisite: FR 301 or concurrent enrollment in FR 302W w/ departmental approval. Periodic offering.
FR 436 Francophone African Literature and Film3
Introduction to literature and film from French-speaking African countries after independence. Includes brief orientation to historical and cultural background. Explores ideological themes common to literature and film. May be taken for French or English credit. For French credit, prerequisite: FR 301 or concurrent enrollment in FR 302W with departmental approval. Also cross-listed as EL 436. Periodic offering.
FR 437 Francophone New World Literature And Culture3
A survey of the literature and history of French New World colonies, including those of North America and the Caribbean. This course will examine Creeolitee, oral tradition, multi-ethnicity, the effect of French colonialism and what came after, in literature and film. Taught in French. Prerequisite: FR 301 or concurrent enrollment in FR 302W with departmental approval. Periodic offering.
FR 460 Introduction to French Linguistics3
Introduction to French linguistics, including phonology, morphology, syntax and semantics, with a primary focus on phonetics, the International Phonetic Alphabet, and correct intonation. Taught in French. Prerequisite: FR 301 or concurrent enrollment in FR 302W with departmental approval. Periodic offering.
FR 480 Field Studies1-4
FR 486 Readings1-4
FR 490 Internship1-4
FR 491 Independent Study1-4
FR 495 Teaching Assistantship1-3
FR 496 Topics in French3
Selected upper-division topics literature, history, culture, or film. Taught in French. Prerequisite: FR 301 or concurrent enrollment in FR 302W with departmental approval. Periodic offering.
FR 498 Modern Languages Capstone2
Students will create a portfolio including a revised and expanded project from a prior 400-level course, a cultural reflection paper, inter/nationally recognized language assessment score and a CV. A portion of the course will be devoted to exploration of career and vocational options in the field of Modern Languages. Prerequisite: Declared French major with a minimum of junior standing.

German Courses

GR 101 Elementary German I4
Basic grammar. Fundamentals of pronunciation and reading. Introduction to cultural topics. Ten hours of conversational language time with students in small groups (held outside of class time) required. Fall semester.
GR 101L Live Lab: GR-1010
GR 102 Elementary German II4
Basic grammar. Development of skills in reading, listening, speaking and writing. Discussion of cultural topics. Ten hours of conversational language time with students in small groups (held outside of class time) required. Prerequisite: GR 101. Spring semester.
GR 102L Live Lab: GR-1020
GR 130 Elementary Oral German3
No English allowed. Students immerse themselves in the language in a non-structured situation. A fun intensive class (3 hours minimum per day), that allows students to know they can speak German. Prerequisite: GR 101. Jan Term. Periodic offering.
GR 131 Elementary Oral German Abroad3
See German 331. Prerequisite: GR 101. Jan Term. Periodic offering.
GR 191 Independent Study1-4
GR 192 Foreign Study/Exchange1-17
GR 196 Topics: German1-4
GR 201 Intermediate German I4
Grammar review as framework for conversation and composition. Current-interest topics; discussion of cultural aspects. Ten hours of conversational language time with students in small groups (held outside of class time). Prerequisite: GR 102 or placement by exam. Fall semester.
GR 201L Live Lab: GR-2010
GR 202 Intermediate German II4
Continuation of German 201 to develop fluency in the language. Written compositions and readings of medium difficulty. Ten hours of conversational language time with students in small groups (held outside of class time) required. Prerequisite: GR 201. Spring semester.
GR 202L Live Lab: GR-2020
GR 230 Intermediate Oral German3
No English allowed. Students immerse themselves in the language in a non-structured situation. A fun intensive class (three hours minimum per day), that allows students to know they can speak German. Prerequisite: GR 201. Jan Term. Periodic offering.
GR 231 Intermediate Oral German Abroad3
See GR 331. Prerequisite: GR 201. Jan Term. Periodic offering.
GR 280 Field Studies1-4
GR 290 Internship1-4
GR 291 Independent Study1-4
GR 301 German Conversation, Composition, and Grammar I3
Short literary, cultural and historical works; topical issues as a springboard for composition and discussion. Grammar. Ten hours of conversational language time with students in small groups (held outside of class time) required. Prerequisite: GR 202 or placement by exam. Periodic offering.
GR 302 German Conversation, Composition and Grammar II3
Continuation of German 301. Ten hours of conversational language time with students in small groups (held outside of class time) required. Prerequisite: GR 301. Periodic offering.
GR 330 Advanced Oral German3
No English allowed. Students immerse themselves in the language in a non-structured situation. A fun intensive class (three hours minimum per day), that allows students to know they can speak German. Prerequisite: GR 301. Jan Term. Periodic offering.
GR 331 Advanced Oral German Abroad3
Study abroad tour in Germany. Prerequisite: GR 301. Jan Term. Periodic offering.
GR 380 Field Studies1-4
GR 390 Internship1-4
GR 391 Independent Study1-4
GR 392 Foreign Study/Exchange1-17
GR 395 Teaching Assistantship1-4
GR 396 Topic: German1-4
GR 490 Internship1-4
GR 491 Independent Study1-4
GR 495 Teaching Assistantship1-4

Japanese Courses

JA 101 Elementary Japanese I4
Beginning course in Japanese language, basic grammar and introduction to the culture. Ten hours of conversational language time with students in small groups (held outside of class time) required. Fall semester.
JA 102 Elementary Japanese II4
Beginning course in Japanese language, basic grammar and introduction to the culture. Ten hours of conversational language time with students in small groups (held outside of class time) required. Prerequisite: JA 101 or approval of the instructor. Spring semester.
JA 130 Everyday Japanese3
Brief review of grammar, pattern structures, and vocabulary. Intensive conversation class using what the students learned in JA 101. Prerequisite: JA 101. Jan term. Periodic offering.
JA 191 Independent Study1-4
JA 192 Foreign Study/Exchange1-17
JA 196 Topics: Japanese1-4
JA 201 Intermediate Japanese I4
Second-year studies in the Japanese language. Continued study of Japanese language and culture. Students will learn functional structures of Japanese language while practicing macro skills, reading, writing, listening and speaking to broaden the ability to communicate. Communication is more focused in this course. Ten hours of conversational language time with students in small groups (held outside of class time) required. Prerequisite: JA 102 or approval of the instructor. Fall semester.
JA 202 Intermediate Japanese II4
Second-year studies in the Japanese language. Continued study of Japanese language and culture. Students will learn functional structures of Japanese language while practicing macro skills, reading, writing, listening and speaking to broaden the ability to communicate. Communication is more focused in this course. Ten hours of conversational language time with students in small groups (held outside of class time) required. Prerequisite: JA 201 or approval of the instructor. Spring semester.
JA 280 Field Studies1-4
JA 290 Internship1-4
JA 291 Independent Study1-4
JA 392 Foreign Study/Exchange1-17
JA 395 Teaching Assistantship1-4
JA 495 Teaching Assistantship1-4

Latin Courses

LAT 101 Elementary Latin I4
Beginning course in classical Latin. Focus is on reading, built on a foundation of formal grammar and basic vocabulary. Introduction to cultural topics, especially legend and history, with readings of primary texts in translation. Fall semester.
LAT 102 Elementary Latin II4
Continuation of beginning course in classical Latin. Focus is on developing more sophisticated reading skills, built on a foundation of formal grammar and expanded vocabulary. Introduction to further cultural topics, especially Roman (i.e., Hellenistic) philosophy, with readings of primary texts in translation. Prerequisite: LAT 101. Spring semester.
LAT 192 Foreign Study/Exchange1-17
LAT 392 Foreign Study/Exchange1-17

Spanish Courses

SN 100 Introduction to Spanish3
Preparation for foreign language acquisition via overview of Spanish language with concentration on language universals of category and relationship. Provides a framework of linguistic and cultural expectation upon which any foreign language can be built. Offered through the Continuing Studies Department.
SN 101 Elementary Spanish I4
First-year studies in the Spanish language. Grammatical structures and vocabulary with an emphasis on listening and speaking skills. Cultural-perspectives activities also required outside of class time. Taught mainly in Spanish. Fall semester.
SN 102 Elementary Spanish II4
First-year studies in the Spanish language. Grammatical structures and vocabulary with an emphasis on listening and speaking skills. Cultural-perspectives activities also required outside of class time. Taught mainly in Spanish. Prerequisite: SN 101. Spring semester.
SN 111 Intensive Elementary Spanish4
Designed for those students who have had some experience with the language. Basic structure and sound system taught. Students cover one year of the language in one semester. Satisfies the one-year language requirement. Cultural-perspectives activities also required outside of class time. Taught mainly in Spanish. Placement by exam. Fall and spring semesters.
SN 130 Everyday Spanish3
See SN 330. Prerequisite: SN 101. Jan Term.
SN 180 Field Studies1-4
SN 191 Independent Study1-4
SN 192 Foreign Study/Exchange1-17
SN 196 Topics: Spanish1-4
SN 201 Intermediate Spanish I4
Enhancement of communication skills by way of an in-depth grammar and grammar-structure review, expanding previously acquired vocabulary base, emphasizing oral practice in realistic contents, developing students' ability to read and understand authentic texts, promoting cultural awareness of the Hispanic world, and integrating reading, writing and listening skills. Concurrent enrollment in SN 201L required. Taught in Spanish. Prerequisite: SN 102, SN 111 or placement by exam. Fall semester.
SN 201L Language Lab for SN 2010
Ten hours of conversational language time with students in small groups.
SN 202 Intermediate Spanish II4
Enhancement of communication skills by way of an in-depth grammar and grammar-structure review, expanding previously acquired vocabulary base, emphasizing oral practice in realistic contents, developing students' ability to read and understand authentic texts, promoting cultural awareness of the Hispanic world, and integrating reading, writing and listening skills. Concurrent enrollment in SN 202L required. Taught in Spanish. Prerequisite: SN 201. Spring semester.
SN 202L Language Lab for SN 2020
Ten hours of conversational language time with students in small groups.
SN 208 Spanish for Health Professions3
Language skills for health professionals. How to communicate with Spanish-speaking patients, families, and how to consult with other health professionals. Medical terminology, patient interviewing and cultural factors affecting health care. Prerequisites: HS 220 & 221, 1 year of Spanish proficiency. Offered through the Health Sciences department. Jan Term only.
SN 230 Intermediate Oral Spanish3
See SN 330. Prerequisite: SN 201. Jan Term.
SN 231 Intermediate Oral Spanish in Mexico3
See SN 331. Prerequisite: SN 201. Jan Term study trip to Mexico.
SN 232 Intermediate Oral Spanish in Guatemala3
See SN 332. Prerequisite: SN 201. Jan Term study trip to Guatemala.
SN 233 Intermediate Oral Spanish in Spain3
See SN 333. Prerequisite: SN 201. Jan Term study trip to Spain.
SN 236 Intermediate Oral Spanish in Chile3
See SN 336. Prerequisite: SN 201. Jan Term study trip to Chile.
SN 241 Intermediate Oral Spanish in Central America4
See SN 341. Prerequisite: SN 201. Jan Term and spring semester, every third year. Part of the Central America study trip.
SN 280 Field Studies1-4
SN 290 Internship1-4
SN 291 Independent Study1-4
SN 301 Advanced Spanish Grammar Through Literature3
A bridge course between 200 and 400 level courses designed to engage students in the mastery of the most difficult points of Spanish grammar through the use of literature. Students will be exposed to an in-depth analysis of grammar, thereby allowing for more accuracy in the language. Students will dedicate time to analyze literary texts in Spanish in order to advance written as well as oral expression. This class is required to enter any 400 level course. Concurrent enrollment in SN 301L required. Taught in Spanish. Prerequisite: SN 202 or placement by exam. Fall semester.
SN 301L Language Lab for SN 3010
Ten hours of conversational language time with students in small groups.
SN 302 Adv Spanish Grammar and Composition Through Literature3
A continuation of the study of advanced Spanish grammar, with an emphasis on composition and literary analysis. Students will use techniques important to critical thinking and analysis, which are integral components to developing writing proficiency. Concurrent enrollment in SN 302L required. Taught in Spanish. Prerequisite: SN 301. Spring semester.
SN 302L Language Lab for SN 3020
Ten hours of conversational language time with students in small groups.
SN 330 Advanced Oral Spanish3
Students immerse themselves in the language in an interactive, conversational context that includes small group activities, debates, presentations, interviews, role-playing, games, skits, cooking, and excursions outside of class. This is an intensive oral practice class that allows students to increase their oral proficiency in order to develop greater oral fluency and improve expression and accuracy in a wide variety of situations. No English allowed! Jan Term. Prerequisite: SN 301.
SN 331 Advanced Oral Spanish in Mexico3
Focus on conversational Spanish in a faculty-led intensive immersion experience while taking in the history and culture, plus home stays, service projects and cultural excursions. Prerequisite: SN 301. Jan Term study trip to Mexico.
SN 332 Advanced Oral Spanish in Guatemala3
Focus on conversational Spanish in a faculty-led intensive immersion experience while taking in the history and culture, plus home stays, service projects and cultural excursions. Prerequisite: SN 301. Jan Term Study Trip to Guatemala.
SN 333 Advanced Oral Spanish in Spain3
Focus on conversational Spanish in a faculty-led intensive immersion experience while taking in the history and culture, plus home stays, service projects and cultural excursions. Prerequisite: SN 301. Jan Term Study Trip to Spain.
SN 336 Advanced Oral Spanish in Chile3
Focus on conversational Spanish in a faculty-led intensive immersion experience while taking in the history and culture, plus home stays, service projects and cultural excursions. Prerequisite: SN 301. Jan Term Study Trip to Chile.
SN 341 Advanced Oral Spanish in Central America4
An intensive immersion experience in the language and culture in a variety of countries as part of the faculty-led Central America Study Program. Focus on conversational Spanish while taking in the history and culture of the country, plus home stays, service projects, and cultural excursions. Prerequisite: SN 301. Jan Term and spring semester, every third year.
SN 380 Field Studies1-4
SN 386 Readings1-4
SN 390 Internship1-4
SN 391 Independent Study1-4
SN 392 Foreign Study/Exchange1-17
SN 395 Teaching Assistantship1-4
SN 396 Topics in Spanish Language and Culture1-3
SN 401 Theory and Practice of Translation3
Introduction to theory of translation and its practical application: students will synthesize learned grammar and vocabulary at a high level of proficiency through the translation of short texts, emphasizing technical, legal, and literary translation. Taught in Spanish. Prerequisite: SN 302 or departmental permission.
SN 406W Latin American Short Story I3
Representative readings from the main literary movements (Romanticism, Realism, Naturalism, Modernism and Criollism), to increase proficiency in reading, analyzing, interpreting, and appreciating the development of the Latin American Short Story from its introduction as a specific genre in the 19th to the early 20th century. Taught in Spanish. Prerequisite: SN 301 (SN 302 recommended). Every other fall semester.
SN 407W Latin American Short Story II3
Representative readings from the main literary movements (Cosmopolitism, Neorealism, the "Boom" Decade of 1960-1970, Feminism and Violence), to increase proficiency in reading, analyzing, interpreting, and appreciating the development of the Latin American Short Story in the 20th century. Taught in Spanish. Prerequisite: SN 301 (SN 302 recommended). Spring semester, even years (following SN 406W).
SN 408 Spanish for the Professions3
Introduction to business, medical, and/or legal concepts, related vocabulary, and cultural issues. Emphasis on both Latin America and the Hispanic community in the U.S. Taught in Spanish. Prerequisite: SN 301 (SN 302 recommended). Periodic offering.
SN 409W Survey of Spanish Literature I3
Study of the development of Spanish thought and culture by evaluation of representative literary works from the Middles Ages and Golden Age Spanish literature, including theatre, poetry and prose. Major works include Poema de Mior Cid, El Conde Luscanor, Libro de Buen Amor and other Renaissance and baroque works and authors such as Lazarillo de Tormes, Lope de Vega, Tirso do Molina and Calderon de la Barca. Taught in Spanish. Prerequisite: SN 301 (302 recommended). Fall semester, even years.
SN 410W Survey of Spanish Literature II3
A continuation of the study of Spanish thought and culture by evaluation of representative literary works from the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries. Literature covered in the course includes works from the major literary movements such as Illustration. Romanticismo, Realismo, and genres of the "Generacion del 27" and "Generacion del 98." Major authors include Moratin, Larra, Becquer, Galdoes, Unamuno, Machado, Ortega y Gasset, Lorca and other major writers of the 20th century. Taught in Spanish. Prerequisite: SN 301 (302 recommended). Every other spring semester (following 409W).
SN 411W Latin American Poetry3
The study and analysis of Latin American poetry from the sixteenth century through today. The course will address critical techniques for reading poetry and the social impact of poetry in the context of Latin American cultural production. Prerequisite: SN 301 (SN 302 recommended.)
SN 412 Performance in Hispanic World3
Study of theater and film in the Spanish-speaking world in light of historical, theoretical, and cultural contexts. Emphasis on reading, discussion, analysis, and critical theory. Taught in Spanish. Prerequisite: SN 301.
SN 419 Latin-American Culture and Civilization3
Exploration of contemporary Spanish-American culture in the U.S.A. and the Americas through readings from a variety of fields. Historical survey from the earliest times to present. Taught in Spanish. Prerequisite: SN 301 (SN 302 recommended). Fall semester, even years.
SN 420 Spanish Culture and Civilization3
Historical survey of political, social, economic, religious, literary and artistic life in Spain from the earliest times to present. Taught in Spanish. Prerequisite: SN 301 (SN 302 recommended). Fall semester, odd years.
SN 431 Advanced Oral Spanish in Mexico3
See SN 331. Prerequisite: SN 302 or departmental approval. Jan Term study trip to Mexico.
SN 432 Advanced Oral Spanish in Guatemala3
See SN 332. Prerequisite: SN 302 or departmental approval. Jan Term study trip to Guatemala.
SN 433 Advanced Oral Spanish in Spain3
See SN 333. Prerequisite: SN 302 or departmental approval. Jan Term study trip to Spain.
SN 434 Spanish and Latin American Women Writers3
A study of Spanish and Latin American works by women writers. These works may include poetry, short stories, plays, and essays. This course will include an introduction to deconstruction and feminist theory. Taught in Spanish. Prerequisite: SN 301 (SN 302 recommended). Periodic offering.
SN 435 Spanish for Christian Ministry3
An emphasis on Spanish specific to ministry and mission work. Bible study, worship, evangelism, and cultural topics related to the Christian faith. Taught in Spanish. Prerequisite: SN 301 (SN 302 recommended). Periodic offering.
SN 436 Advanced Oral Spanish in Chile3
See SN 336. Prerequisite: SN 302 or departmental approval. Jan Term study trip to Chile.
SN 441 Advanced Oral Spanish in Central America4
See SN 341. Prerequisite: SN 302 or departmental approval. Jan Term and spring semester, every third year. Part of the Central American study program.
SN 450 Spanish American Narrative & History3
Spanish American Narrative and History Study of a variety of narrative forms essays, novels, short stories, film, and works that define generic boundaries that focus upon topical loci involving history in the Spanish-speaking Americas. Taught in Spanish. Prerequisite: SN 302. Periodic offering.
SN 460 Spanish Linguistics3
The course analyzes both Peninsular and Latin American dialects at the linguistic levels of phonetics-phonology, morphology, syntax and semantics. This analysis leads to a better understanding of language changes and grammar. Prerequisite: SN 301 (SN 302 recommended). Periodic offering.
SN 480 Field Studies1-4
SN 486 Readings1-4
SN 490 Internship1-4
SN 491 Independent Study1-4
SN 495 Teaching Assistantship1-4
SN 498 Modern Languages Capstone2
Students will create a portfolio including a revised and expanded project from a prior 400-level course, a cultural reflection paper, inter/nationally recognized language assessment score and a CV. A portion of the course will be devoted to the exploration of career and vocational options in the field of Modern Languages. Prerequisite: Declared Spanish major with a minimum of junior standing.

Swahili Courses

SW 101 Elementary Swahili I4
Beginning Swahili with emphasis on conversation. Basic grammar and vocabulary are presented. Study of the cultures and peoples of East Africa, especially those of Kenya, Tanzania, and Mozambique. Fall semester.
SW 102 Elementary Swahili II4
Continuation of Swahili 101, with emphasis on conversation, comprehension, basic writing and reading. Focus is on contemporary East African culture, especially Tanzania, Kenya and Mozambique. Taught mainly in Swahili. Spring semester. Prerequisite: SW-101.
SW 141 Elementary Swahili in Tanzania4
Swahili taught in Tanzania. Prerequisite: SW 101.
SW 192 Foreign Study/Exchange1-17
SW 201 Intermediate Swahili I4
Increased proficiency in oral and written expression through a review and expansion of grammar and vocabulary. Continued investigation of the cultures of East Africa. Prerequisite: SW 102. Fall semester.
SW 241 Intermediate Swahili in Tanzania4
Swahili taught in Tanzania. Prerequisite: SW 201.
SW 392 Foreign Study/Exchange1-17

World Languages Courses

WL 395 Teaching Assistant1-3
WL 442 Methods for Teaching Languages, K-123
Study and application of various aspects of foreign-language teaching. Testing, focus on the learner, performance objectives, and teaching of culture. Course includes methods and observation of language teaching at both elementary and secondary levels. Taught through the School of Education. Fall semester.
WL 480 Field Studies1-4
Dean of Arts and Sciences

NOELLE WIERSMA

Chair

JENNIFER BROWN

Professor

LINDY SCOTT (ADMIN)

Associate professors

ÁNGELES ALLERJENNIFER BROWNBENDI BENSON SCHRAMBACH

Assistant professors

GREG BREKKEMIKE FULTON (VISITING)KATHERINE KARR-CORNEJODINORAH SCOTT

Instructors

KIM HERNÁNDEZJOSÉ ROJAS (VISITING)

Lecturers

FRÉDÉRIC DUGENETCARMEN FELICEINGRID LAVOIELILY LIURYAN PETERSONDONNA SAMPSON