The Whitworth Philosophy Department introduces students to the content and methodology of the discipline of philosophy. While emphasizing the history of philosophy and current philosophical issues, the department’s courses help develop logical-reasoning and critical-thinking skills. The program focuses on both the critical and the constructive aspects of philosophy while encouraging Christian character development and career preparation. The learning outcomes of this major include the following:
Content mastery, including knowledge of the following:
- the history of philosophy, including key authors and texts
- key issues, key questions, and major alternatives
- central issues relative to the intersection of philosophy with other disciplines, e.g. philosophy of religion, philosophy of mind
Critical thinking, including the ability to do the following:
Develop analytical skills:
- ability to listen to and analyze various modes
- ability to read texts carefully
Develop argumentation skills:
- Identify and follow arguments (including the ability to discern fallacies, detect assumptions, identify presuppositions and implications of ideas).
- Construct arguments both orally and in writing – including the ability to assert, explain and justify a position.
- Understand worldviews.
- Articulate competing worldviews (with particular exposure to a Christian worldview).
- Recognize worldviews in dispute.
- Develop a personal worldview.
- Develop ability to connect ideas, pulling ideas from various sources to enhance and synthesize.
- Integrate philosophy into one’s personal life.
Christian Character Development:
- Cultivate moral virtues and aid in character development through teaching, modeling and mentoring.
- Expose students to the Christian faith as a viable option for thinking persons.
- Prepare some students for law school, seminary, philosophy graduate programs and other liberal arts graduate programs.
- For all students: Translate acquired skills into marketable professional competencies.
|PH 110 Introduction to Philosophy||3|
|The great issues and ideas of philosophical inquiry. Treatment of subjects such as logic, metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, political philosophy and different world views. Emphasis on both critical and constructive thinking. Fall and spring semesters.|
|PH 196 Topics in Philosophy||1-3|
|Selected lower-division topics in philosophy. Periodic offering.|
|PH 199H Philosophy in the Real World||3|
|The purpose of this class is to explicitly explore how some of the most central areas of philosophy interact with different disciplines. In particular, we will be looking at how philosophical concepts and theories may affect one's understanding and handling of non-philosophical problems. In addition, this class will engage the various interdisciplinary discussions within the context of trying to develop various intellectual virtues.|
|PH 201 Logic||3|
|The formal nature of logical thought and the informal, practical application of critical thinking to the analysis of arguments. Includes sections on arguments and fallacies in ordinary language, syllogistic arguments and symbolic logic. Fall and spring semester, odd years.|
|PH 209 The Vices: Virtue and Evil||3|
|An examination of several prominent moral vices, particularly the "seven deadly sins," with a view to their apparent attractiveness and inherent self-destructiveness. Jan Term, odd years.|
|PH 210 The Ten Commandments as Moral Law||3|
|An investigation of how a set of 3000-year-old rules can still have relevance and application for our lives. Includes grounding the Decalogue in divine-command theory and virtue theory, understanding the rules' original context and intent, and translating the rules to contemporary daily life. PH 110 and Core 150 helpful but not required. Cross-listed with TH-210. Jan Term, even years.|
|PH 211 The Philosophy of Forgiveness||3|
|Forgiveness is generally thought to be a morally good response to a wrong-doing. This class will examine the nature of forgiveness. What is the relationship between forgiveness and justice? How is forgiving a wrong-doing different from condoning a wrong-doing? Is there such a thing as unconditional forgiveness? PH 110 is helpful but not required. Periodic Jan Term.|
|PH 221 Ethics||3|
|The nature of moral judgments and values. Examination of the criteria upon which ethical decision-making is based and the nature of the good life. Cross-listed with TH 221. Fall and spring semesters.|
|PH 244 Reasons for Faith||3|
|An examination of the rational status of Christian belief. Topics include the relationship between faith and reason, the evidence for God's existence, and the evidence for uniquely Christian doctrines (e.g., the Christ's Resurrection). Also listed as PH 344. Periodic Jan Term offering.|
|PH 256 Asian Philosophy||3|
|A study of the major schools of Asian philosophy, with emphasis on Chinese thought. Spring semester, even years.|
|PH 261 C.S. Lewis||3|
|The thought of C.S. Lewis, as found in his philosophical, theological and imaginative works, and the interconnections between those works. Critical evaluation of Lewis's ideas and application of those ideas to contemporary issues. Fall semester.|
|PH 299 The Meaning of Life||3|
|This class will investigate the meaning of life in two different ways. First we will explore whether life and all it involves has some greater purpose or aim. In other words we will be looking at different perspectives on whether our life have significance beyond the here and now. Relatedly, we will go on to explore how one goes about organizing one's life with all its competing values and demands. In other words we will be looking and critically evaluating ways in which people might find value in life (e.g. through money, family, religion or relationships) and how we should structure our lives to balance life's various goods.|
|PH 301 Symbolic Logic||3|
|This course attempts to formalize the structure of proper logical reasoning through the use of an artificial symbolic language that assists in recognizing proper from improper argumentation. The main goal in this class is to begin mastering this symbolic language with the goal of learning to reason well. We will begin by looking at the nature of propositional statements, the truth-functional connectives they use, and translating statements made in our natural language to this artificial symbolic language. Then we will turn to the construction of arguments. We will learn to recognize valid from invalid arguments by constructing truth-tables to derive valid arguments using universal logical truths. Fall semester, even years.|
|PH 305 History of Ancient Philosophy||3|
|The development of philosophical ideas from the Pre-Socratics to the Middle Ages, using primary source readings. Special emphasis on Plato's and Aristotle's ideas on the major issue of life. Fall semester, even years.|
|PH 306 History of Modern Philosophy||3|
|The development of philosophical ideas from Descartes through the 18th century, using primary source readings. Figures studied include: Descartes, Spinoza, Leibnitz, Locke, Berkeley, Hume, Kant. Spring semester, odd years.|
|PH 307 History of Contemporary Philosophy||3|
|The development of philosophical ideas in the 19th-, 20th-, and 21st-century Europe and America. Both the Continental and Anglo-American traditions will be explored. Fall semester, odd years. Prerequisite: PH 305 or 306W.|
|PH 319 Ethics Bowl||1|
|This course constitutes the research and practice leading up to the Intercollegiate Ethics Bowl, Northwest Regional, in November. It also includes the competition. As a team, students analyze, present on, and argue complex ethical cases. Course can be taken repeatedly for credit.|
|PH 320 Philosophy of Religion||3|
|The place of reason in faith. Issues addressed include classical arguments for and against the existence of God, the relationship of faith and reason, and the nature of religious language, miracles and immorality. Recommended prerequisite: Core 250. Spring semester.|
|PH 321W Ethics-Social/Behavioral Studies||3|
|This course focuses on four themes in moral philosophy: The Foundations of morality, Moral knowledge, Moral motivation, and Ethics in real life. The course will apply these ethical themes to topics in social and behavioral fields. Satisfies the Writing-intensive requirement. For continuing studies students only.|
|PH 329H God, Knowledge, and Language||3|
|This course explores a number of issues at the intersection of postmodern thought, theology, and Anglo-American (analytic) philosophy. The course begins with the question, What is the nature of truth? It then considers the extent to which it's sensible to think that some theological claims are true (this requires engagement with classical and contemporary views of the Divine nature). The course proceeds to consider postmodern views of knowledge and interpretation-including recent debates between postmodernists and their critics. The course concludes by investigating the question, Can Christian belief be reasonable? This inquiry requires a deep investigation of the nature of human rationality and the prospective sources for reasonable belief.|
|PH 336 Social-Political Philosophy||3|
|An examination of the nature of justice and the extents of our social obligations. Considers both historical and contemporary sources, the latter including feminist and multicultural thinkers. Covers both theory and particular issues, like just war, economics and justice, rights to free expression, etc. Also listed as PO 336. Fall semester, even years.|
|PH 340W Epistemology||3|
|The nature and limits of knowledge. Focus on contemporary issues raised in recent books and journals. Recommended prerequisites: PH 305 or PH 306, or CO 250. Fall semester, odd years.|
|PH 341 Metaphysics||3|
|The ultimate nature of reality. Focus on issues raised in recent books and journals. Fall semester, even years.|
|PH 344 Reasons for Faith||3|
|An examination of the rational status of Christian belief. Topics include the relationship between faith and reason, the evidence for God's existence, and the evidence for uniquely Christian doctrines (e.g., the Christ's Resurrection). Also listed as PH 244. Periodic Jan Term.|
|PH 368 Aesthetics||3|
|The nature of art, including purposes and theories of art, connections to beauty and truth and practical life, and moral implications of artworks. Suggested prerequisites: PH 110 or any of AR 260-264. Also listed as AR 368. Spring semester, odd years.|
|PH 421 Philosophy of Science||3|
|An examination of various issues related to scientific methodology. Topics covered include the demarcation of science from pseudoscience, the rationality of induction, scientific explanation and confirmation, scientific laws, the realism/anti-realism debate, rationality and objectivity in science, and the relationship between science and faith. Spring semester, even years.|
|PH 423W Marxism and the Socialist World||3|
|Focus on Marx's critique of capitalism. Later interpretations and application of Marx's theories in a variety of revolutions, from those of the Soviet Union, China, Yugoslavia and Cuba to current upheavals in the socialist world. Also listed as PO 423W. Periodic offering.|
|PH 425 Philosophy of Mind||3|
|An exploration of one of the most actively debated and contentious issues in contemporary philosophy: What is the nature of the human mind? Examines current theories and the relationship to the claims of artificial intelligence, neuropsychology and Christian understandings of human nature, as well as the question of determinism versus free will. Spring semester, odd years. Prerequisite: PH 110 and either PH 196, PH 201, PH 256, PH 261, PH 305 PH 306W or PH 344.|
|PH 498 Senior Capstone||1|
|Writing and discussion intended to give senior students an opportunity to integrate the various strands of their philosophical education and reflect on their future. Fall semester, senior year.|
Requirements for a Philosophy Major, B.A. (41)
|PH 110||Introduction to Philosophy||3|
|CO 250||Western Civilization II: The Rationalist Worldview||4|
|History of Philosophy|
|PH 305||History of Ancient Philosophy||3|
|PH 306||History of Modern Philosophy||3|
|PH 307||History of Contemporary Philosophy||3|
|PH 320||Philosophy of Religion||3|
|PH 425||Philosophy of Mind||3|
|Six additional approved philosophy credits||6|
|PH 498||Senior Capstone||1|
Requirements for a Philosophy Minor (16)
|Twelve approved semester credits, six of which must be upper division||12|
|CO 250||Western Civilization II: The Rationalist Worldview||4|
Dean of Arts and Sciences
KEITH WYMAJOSHUE OROZCO